State Garden Programs/Canneries

Another objective of the State Garden Programs was to bolster up morale by creation of productive work. There were three types of gardens:

Another objective of the State Garden Programs was to bolster up morale by creation of productive work. There were three types of gardens:

1. The home garden – 250,000 people would receive food.

2. The group garden – A family would be given a small plot for their garden. These gardens were planned for cities and communities where ground for gardens is not available. The location had to be where a large tract could be divided into 100-150 plots of about 3,000 square feet for assignment to a family.

3. The community garden – a large acreage worked by men paid on work relief program.

Statewide, along with the relief gardens, approximately 200 canning centers were to be established. Among these, a relief canning center was established in Gallatin in July, 1934 which was said to be one of the best relief canning projects in the state in regard to canning equipment, etc.

The city council provided a room in the city hall for the canning room as well as furnishing the material to put the room in condition.

Women were to do the canning. The work was to be done on a 50/50 basis with one-half of the canned products going to the relief program and one-half going to the producer.

Anyone having a surplus of any garden product was asked to bring it to the center to be canned for a percentage of the finished product.

Canning from the gardens required a small charge for the cans which could be paid in exchange in labor.

Statewide, Missouri had a goal of 6,000,000 cans and more than 3,000 tons of vegetables to feed the needy. The food to be canned and stored would be raised in 75,000 home gardens and 3,000 acres of community gardens. The seeds and material were to be furnished free by the Missouri Relief and Reconstruction Commission. To implement the program the state purchased 53 carloads of tin cans.

Jamesport also raised relief gardens. The city rented a four acre tract of land of Harry Harrington in the west part of Jamesport. Members on the relief roll worked in the garden and were given script which was exchanged for food furnished by the government. The workers in the garden worked eight hour days at the rate of 25 cents per hour.

The city of Pattonsburg was short of water to use in watering their gardens. Upon their request, Jefferson City approved a grant to dig a well in order to save the gardens.

The canneries used to process vegetables would later be converted to process the drought cattle shipped to the markets.

Researched by Wilbur Bush, Gallatin (2003)