///In 1940, the City of Gallatin has approximately 20 miles of streets, consisting of one mile of pavement, one mile of oiled gravel built and maintained by the state highway department, about six miles of all-weather streets of rock chat, and 12 miles of dirt road. The town has just purchased a street maintainer, a 25 h.p. caterpillar tractor with 12-foot blade grader. (Jan. 11, 1940)
///The city has three Fairbanks-Morse Diesel engines at the municipal light plant, a water softener plant and new Air-Made well. (April 18, 1940)/// Rural electric lines are energized, connecting home lines to the main lines. (June 20, 1940)
—The census reveals populations for towns in Daviess County and area at:
Breckenridge 728 828
Gilman City 555 535
Hamilton 1655 1572
Jameson 223 260
Jamesport 761 839
Kidder 270 314
Lock Springs 191 209
Santa Rosa 142 122
(Jan. 23, 1941)
The beginning of the decade marks a simple and peaceful time.
///Admiral Byrd is exploring Antarctica, with a little help from Captain of the Bear, Richard Cruzen, former Gallatin young man. Admiral Byrd praised Captain Cruzen for his seamanship, saying, "I don’t thing we would have come through but for him and his navy crew." (April 25, 1940)
Radio is a lifeline to the people, providing news and entertainment and making the world a much smaller place.
///There was a time when Hawaii and Gallatin were in separate worlds, but that was before the advent of radio. Virginia Englehart of Gallatin was most agreeably surprised some weeks ago when a short wave operator received greetings for her from her daughter in Hawaii. (Feb. 8, 1940)
///Movies were never so popular as in the forties.
Showing at the Binney Theater in Pattonsburg was "Young Buffalo Bill" with Roy Rogers and Geo. (Gabby) Hayes; "Road to Singapore" starring Dorothy Lamour, Bing Crosby and Bob Hope; "The Shadow" serial and comedy; and "Blue Bird" starring Shirley Temple, an all technicolor picture. (June 20, 1940)
Jamesport had produced its own film star.
///Martha Scott, formerly of Jamesport, who originated a part in the New York production, "Our Town," was given a term contract by Sol Lesser of Hollywood, for the movie version of the play. (Jan. 25, 1940)
///"The Headliners", a farm movie seen locally, featured a demonstration of the novelty, television.
///Television was on the scene at the World Fair in 1939, but the upcoming war would delay its popular use. (March 7, 1940)
—While everybody danced the Jitterbug, the Big Band sound was in. Glenn Miller, Tommy Dorsey, Duke Ellington and Benny Goodman were some famous band leaders. Closer to home…
Robert E. Paul is the director of the Gallatin Municipal Band which presents marches "Side by Side", overtures "Magneto", popular tunes "Playmates", serenades ""Mission of the Rose" and waltzes "Thalia" (Aug. 29, 1940).
///School buses for rural children are considered a new feature in modern school programs.(March 14, 1940) —Approximately 800 rural students attend 75 schools in the county with 65 teachers. (Aug. 29, 1940) ***Lloyd W. King, state superintendent of schools, said in a speech that he regarded consolidation of rural schools "an essential element" in a more efficient educational system for Missouri." (Dec. 11, 1941) — Gallatin has a new high school building, recently completed at a cost of $60,000. (Aug. 8, 1940)
///Daviess County farmers have produced their biggest bluegrass crop in history and several thousands of dollars is being paid by buyers for the bluegrass seed. (June 20, 1940)
—While 20 Daviess County boys are in CC Camp, Henry Ford has launched a "National Youth Movement " of his own. To 25,000 other industrialists and manufacturers in all parts of the US he mailed a booklet pointing out the opportunity open to every employer of labor in solving "our gravest national problemyouth unemployment." (July 4, 1940)
There are wars and rumors of wars.
—Why don’t God stop Hitler? An all absorbing subject in the minds of the masses of people is being discussed by Harold J. Hays of St. Joseph, at the Church of Christ, first door south of the theater in the east part of the Jarrett building. The public is urged to attend. (March 13, 1941)
—F.D. R. was drafted to make the "third term" race when the Chicago convention nominated him to again head the Democratic ticket. Cries by the Republicans that Roosevelt was leading the nation into war have been shushed by factual rebuttals that were convincing even to the most skeptical." (Oct. 31, 1940)
///At first, Mr. Roosevelt keeps America isolated <197> while the war rages in Europe.
"The German army are now within some 12 or 15 miles of Paris. Italy entered the war this week. In a radio address Monday, President Roosevelt denounced the entry of Italy into the war and promised all possible aid to the Allies in the way of materials and supplies." (June 13, 1940)
—Not knowing that the "day of infamy" was just around the corner, Arthur Douglas, Daviess county’s first Negro draftee, reported at Ft. Leavnworth this week for a year’s military service under the selective service act. (March 13, 1941)
Isolationism is shattered when
***Congress declared war on Germany and Italy today. Japan and the United States have been at war since a savage and treacherous attack on Hawaii and the Phillippines by the Nipponeese Sunday morning. (Dec. 11, 1941)
World War Two will dominate the better part of the decade.
***Wilbur Salmon, 22, Coffey, became Daviess County’s first casualty in the new World War when he was killed in action at Pearl Harbor. (Dec. 18, 1941)
***On the home front, patriotic rallies were held and there was an all out effort to sell defense stamps and bonds. Daviess County was asked to raise $2,000 for the Red Cross War Fund. (Dec. 25, 1941)
Scrap drives are numerous and give folks the sense of helping with the war effort.
A survey of automobile "graveyards" began in connection with the salvage campaign.
***"The need for scrap iron is pressing…so American Industry can maintain the greatest possible production of planes, ships, guns and bombs. Many small smelters and blast furnaces are depending on America’s farm to provide them with scrap metal….(Feb. 26, 1942)
There are rubber drives….
***"Articles needed include old tires, tubes, overshoes, doormats, car mats, rubber balls, baby buggy tires, and other items containing rubber. Farmers are urged to search barns, cellars, attics, and sheds for any of these articles. Here are the facts about rubber and the war: A four motor bomber requires as much rubber as three dozen passenger cars; a battleship uses more rubber than 4,000 automobiles; the amount of rubber used in a tire will make eight gas masks; and three unbuilt passenger cars will put wheels on a 37 mm. Anti-aircraft gun. (June 25, 1942)
Conservation of war-needed supplies <197> rubber, gasoline and equipment <197> to name a few, begins.
***New automobile tires and tubes are rationed. (Dec. 25, 1941) New car production slows down.
***Daviess County automobile dealers will be permitted to sell at total of 11 new cars in the period of about three months ending May 31. (March 5, 1942)
By 1942, automobile production had ceased.
Paper is in short supply. The Daviess County Defense Counsel asks…
***"Help conserve our supply of paper by bringing your market basket or shipping bag. Return all sacks, egg cartons, boxes to your grocer. A paper shortage now exists. (Jan. 8, 1942)
Veterans organizations with the aid of Boy Scouts will make a concerted waste paper drive. (Aug. 10, 1944)
The next big program in the war effort is one that to most folks, is hitherto unheard of.
A milkweed pod collecting program for the boys and girls of the county is being planned and must get underway next week as then the milkweed pods will be ready to be picked. The milkweed pod has been found to be a very good substitute for kapok. Possibly most of us had the idea that kapok was used only in sofa cushions (if we had every heard of it at all). But we find that it has long been used in the manufacture of important war material, particularly lifesaver jackets and aviator suits. (Aug. 10, 1944)
***Daviess County civilian volunteers register for defense work. Some of the things that come under the program are: Salvaging needed materials; work on campaign promotion sale of defense bonds and stamps; serving as an auxiliary policeman or fireman; assisting the public health nursing program. (Jan. 22, 1942)
The women meet at the Red Cross workroom to make badly needed surgical dressings.(June 29, 1944)
***Remembering and wanting to avoid the terrible epidemic of the last war, classes on good health became a prime requisite of civilian defense. (Feb. 12, 1942)
The feature "With Ernie Pile at the Front" keeps the people abreast of war activities.
***Early on in the war the Democrat reports that there will be no more lists of draftees in print "because the United States government doesn’t want to give the enemy any information that might be useful…" (Dec. 25, 1941)
On the farm scene,
***Adoption of a national policy for the deferment of military service for essential farm labor was proposed as the growing shortage of agricultural workers threatened to curtail the nation’s food supply. (Feb. 12, 1942)
Many farmers refused to be deferred.
***"One of the hardest men you have to convince that he is a specialist is the farmer," said Brigadier-General Lewis B. Hershey, selective service director, to the House agriculture committee. "Farmers are patriotic. They don’t try to get exemptions." (Feb. 26, 1942)
***Farm families were asked to enroll in the state-wide Food for Home program. They were asked to produce a garden with at least 20 kinds of vegetables; five hens for each member of the family; two cows for family use; livestock to make 150 pounds of meat for each person; and six kinds of fruit. (Jan 8, 1942)
Victory Gardens supplied 40% of vegetables consumed on the home front. A canning factor was in operation under the auspices of the WPA..
***"A tour of inspection disclosed the fact that the 25 acre tract east of Gallatin has been well taken care of. About seven and a half acres are planted with potatoes, balance is divided into peas, beans, beets, carrots, string beans, tomatoes, green mustard and other vegetables that can be canned and used for winter school lunches. Cleanliness was an attractive feature of the canning factory. A steam boiler has been installed and actual canning is now in progress. The factory capacity output is from 1500 to 200 quarts a day. (June 18, 1942)
***Rationing affected all aspects of life, transportation, recreation, food, clothes, cleaners.
***All retailers of sugar in Daviess County must register for sugar rationing. (March 5, 1942)
***The Zoot Suit was the height of fashion until cloth got scarce. Mrs. America’s husband may look a bit on the skimpy side this spring…The War Production Board has officially ordered simplification of suits and overcoats for both men and boys…..Only noticeable change in a suit will be the absence of trouser cuffs….trouser are to be made narrower and coats shorter…
The girdle is gone…
After bowing to an enraged female lobby who foresaw feminine charm crushed and bleeding under the heavy hand of priorities, the rubber section of the War Production board has again turned against curve control.
No rubber thread will be available at all for the manufacture of corsets, girdles, brassieres and foundation garments for general use…
Carpets may have to do for a long time….the entire supply of jute comes form India, it will be necessary to "freeze" all jute yarns and allow its use only for war needs.
A word to the wise: War demands for chlorine are increasing and further restriction on this vital chemical may be necessary….(March 12, 1942)
More and more men are called away from home. Draft rules were relaxed and physical standards reduced to make more man power available for the war effort.
***"Young males are getting so scare it won’t be long until the women are tipping their hats to the men." (March 12, 1942)
Women get their first real taste of independence as they are needed to replace men in the factories and on the farms. Working women are symbolized by Rosie the Riveter.
***"Women will replace men in the farm fields of Missouri by mid-summer," was the prediction made by William Orr Sawyers, legal adviser to the Missouri selective service. "They did it in the Revolutionary War, the Civil War, and I am sure they can do it again. (March 5, 1942)
Over half of government jobs were reclassified, allowing women and blacks to fill them. Single women were the first to make an exodus into the workforce, married women soon followed.
[Teenagers a recognized force with jobs and money to spend…juvenile delinquents….]
FDR died in April of 1945. May 8, 1945, V-E Day was celebrated.
+++"Victory in Europe was proclaimed by President Truman. On a radio hook-up, he solemnly warned: "Our victory is but half won. The west is free but the east is still in bondage to the treacherous tyranny of the Japanese." (May 10, 1945)
Japan surrendered. But only after atomic bombs were dropped on Nagasaki and Hiroshima.
XXXAt long last, war is over.
A few minutes after 6 o’clock Tuesday evening, the long and eagerly awaited announcement that war with Japan had ended, was received here. Many gathered on the public square shouting with joy, while car sirens sounded, bells rang and the alarm screamed for several minutes. Other folks gathered around radios to hear the dramatic announcements by officials. Somme merrymakers celebrated considerably throughout the night, many attending the circus which was in town and other just stayed home and listed to radios and quietly rejoiced. Business was suspended. In the evening, many went to a prayer service at the Baptist Church, where short talks, prayers of thanks giving and songs of rejoicing were rendered. (Aug. 16, 1945)
And so the men returned. They had seen Paris and the rest of the world. "How ya gonna keep em down on the farm?" was the question. The GI’s were home now <197> heralding the baby boom…
+++Twins in any community always create a lot of interest but when there is literally an "epidemic" of them, it is really something!
Little did anyone think, when Cinda Sue and Linda Lou arrived at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Marion Hill in Jamesport Feb 2 that "it was only the beginning." But such it proved to be, for just a week and an hour later, Dr. F.B. Bailey was again called and delivered the second set of twins to Mr. and Mrs. Buel Wiles, who live on the same street. These twins, born four minutes apart, Feb. 9, are a boy and a girl and weighed exactly five and one-half pounds each. They have been named Jack and Joyce.
Then, realizing this must be a nice street for twins, a boy and a girl made their appearance at the home of Mr and Mrs. Albert Spillman Jr. These twins were born at Cullers hospital in Trenton Feb. 12. Kent Nelson tipped the scales at nine pounds and his sister, Kay Lynn, weighed eight pounds.
The half-dozen babies and their mothers are all getting along nicely, but the three fathers have not yet recovered from the shock. (Feb. 15, 1945)
XXXAt war’s end, the Democrat reports that…
A military secret for three and a half years may now be disclosed. There have been 1,150 men from Daviess County who have entered the service. According to an unofficial list made up by this newspaper, 43 lives have been sacrificed. (Aug. 16, 1945)
By the end of the decade, war production has pulled the nation out of the Great Depression.
Daviess County returns to normal and gets its usual flood.
???New river surge spells added ruin throughout the county. Torrential rains Saturday and Sunday send Grand River and creeks to new highs., causing further damage to crop lands, roads and bridges, highest at Pattonsburg since 09. (June 26, 1947)
In other news at decades end…
XXXThe discovery of penicillin in 1940 revolutionized medicine. The paper reports…
Approximately 885 billion units of penicillin….have been released since March 15 through normal channels for civilian distribution, WPB said. …quantities of penicillin may be made available soon in dosage, forms such as tablets, preparations, convenient for physicians and patients. (June 28, 1945)
???The Daviess County airport is located west of Galaltin. The Galaltin Flying club has one airplane under lock and key but available to members at any time. (July 17, 1947)
???Gallatin voters turn down a levy for road and bridge work. (July 3, 1947) But vote yes’ on a light-water and memorial airport bond issues. (Sept. 25, 1947)
State Highway No. 13 is scheduled to be "blacktopped" in 1948. (Sept. 18, 1947)
???A tiny farm tractor, weighing only 1,165 pounds and called the smallest one the market, is the latest aid offered to small farms. The tractor will sell at a base price of $545 and with extra parts, such as plows, harrows, planters, cultivators and mowers, the entire cost will be $828. (July 3, 1947)
XXXMost popular songs these days, according to a survey by Variety theatrical magazine, are "Don’t Fence Me In," "Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe" "Accentuate the Positive" "Rum and Coca-Cola" "I Dream of you." and "There Goes That Song Again." (Jan. 3, 1946)
???Daviess County Horse Show held at Gallatin’s Dockery Park is shaping up to be the biggest and best ever held. (July 17, 1947) A 1947 Chrysler Windsor sedan will be awarded to someone of the final night and six other bran new cars will be auctioned off at the Horse Show. (July 24, 1947)
Researched by Wilbur Bush